Plantago lanceolata

Plant family: Plantaginaceae (Plantain family)

Part used: whole or top

Taste: bitter

Historical commentary: Plantain has been used since ancient times as a treatment for bronchitis and topically for skin inflammation and infections.


Anticattharal: resolves mucus congestion of the respiratory tract.

Anti-inflammatory: reduces inflammation of the oral mucosa.

Modern findings: Plantain has been shown to have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic actions. Aucubin, one of its constituents, is being studied for liver protective effects.

Dosage: 3-6 grams.

Active constituents: There are iridoid glycosides, mainly aucubin and catalpol, which contribute to the anti-inflammatory action. There are also phenolic compounds and tannins that may contribute to the antiseptic action.

Cautions: none known.

Künzle Formula: Tea for Colds.